The machine used to drill water wells is called a drilling rig or water well drilling rig. These rigs are specifically designed for the purpose of drilling into the ground to access underground water sources. They come in various sizes and configurations, but generally consist of a large structure that houses the drilling equipment, including a drill bit, drill pipe, and a mechanism to rotate and drive the drill into the ground.
Drilling Rigs can be categorized into different types based on their drilling method and capabilities. Some common types of drilling rigs used for water well drilling include cable tool rigs, rotary rigs, and percussion rigs. Cable tool rigs use a heavy chisel-like bit that is repeatedly lifted and dropped to break the ground. Rotary rigs, on the other hand, use a rotating drill bit to grind through the rock and soil. Percussion rigs combine both rotary and hammering actions to penetrate the ground.
The factors depends of choice drilling rig such as the geological conditions of the area, the depth of the well, and the drilling method preferred by the drilling crew.
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